Better known in the world as rugby is a contact team sport that started in England in the first half of the 19th century. One of the two codes of rugby football based on the race with the ball in hand. This is the most common form that the rugby game played between two teams and 15 players in each team. Also use an oval shape ball on rectangular terrain with H-shaped poles on each test line.
Rugby football refers to the league of team sports and/or The Union of Rugby. The Union of Rugby was born in the Rugby School in Warwickshire. The rugby league created from The Union of Rugby, but 21 clubs divided to form the Northern Rugby Football Union in 1895 in Huddersfield in the north of England. This organization is now called Rugby Football League (or Rugby League) which ruled by the English Rugby League. Rugby Football Union rules the English Rugby Union.
Rugby (league and union) is one of the many versions of football practiced in public English schools in the 19th century. Although the rugby league initially used the rules of the rugby union. It is now a completely separate sport. In addition to the two existing codes, The two codes of American football (American and Canadian football) have evolved from rugby, but each has essential differences.
Rugby Union is a popular sport around on the world where played by male and female players of all ages. In 2014, more than 6 million people played in the world of which 2.36 million registered players. World Rugby, formerly the International Rugby Football Board (IRFB) and the International Rugby Board (IRB) has been the governing body of rugby union since 1886 with 101 member countries and 18 associate members.
History of Rugby
In 1845, the first football laws written by students of the Rugby School. Other notable events in early rugby decision to leave the Football Association in 1863. Also the division between rugby and the rugby leagues in 1895. In 1995, historically an amateur sport restrictions on payments to players removed. The openly professional game at the highest level for the first time.
The rugby union extended from the countries of origin of Great Britain and Ireland and absorbed by many countries associated with the British Empire. The first representatives of the sport included Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and France. The countries that have adopted rugby as a de facto national sport are Fiji, Georgia, Madagascar, New Zealand, Samoa, and Tonga.
International matches have been held since 1871 and, the year of Scotland’s first game against England at Edinburgh’s Raeburn Place. The Rugby World Cup, held for the first time in 1987 and, takes place every four years. The Six Nations Championship in Europe and the Rugby Championship of the Southern Hemisphere are other important international competitions. Those competitions held on every year.
Equipment: Rugby ball
Highest governing body: World Rugby
Registered players: 3,560,000
Team members: 15 (with up to 8 substitutes)
First played: 19th century