The Open Tennis Championships in the United States are a tough tennis tournament. In 1881, for which single men were played in the American World Championship while the tournament is the modern version of one of the oldest tennis championships.
The US Open has been chronologically the fourth and last of Grand Slam tournament of the year Since 1987. The other three, in chronological order, are the Australian Open, Wimbledon and French Open. The United States opens on the last Monday of August and continues for two weeks, the second weekend coinciding with Labor Day in the United States.
The US Open is the only Grand Slam tournament that uses the playoffs every game. For the other three Grand Slam tournaments, one game ends 6-6 in the last possible set (the third for women and the fifth for men) continues until one player takes two games. As in the case of the US Open, these events use tiebreakers to decide on other sets.
The US Open is the only Grand Slam tournament with 16 titles (instead of 12) in female singles.
In the early years of the UU national championship of the United States., Only men competing and the tournament became known as the Single National Championship. UU In 1887, six years after the first edition of the men’s national championship, took place the national championship of the first American women. UU at the Philadelphia Cricket Club. The winner was Ellen Hansell, a 17-year-old girl in Philadelphia. Then came the US National Women’s Championships in 1899 and the American Mixed Championships in 1892. The women’s tournament faced an 1888-18 challenge, except in 1917. Between 1890 and 1906, tournaments took place east and west. the west of the country to determine the first two double teams, who participated in a match for the right to face the reigning champions in the series of challenges.
1915-1977: West Side Tennis Club
In early 1915, a group of about 100 tennis players signed a petition in favor of moving the tournament. Another group of players, including eight former national singles champions, opposed this view. This controversial issue was put to the vote at the USNLTA Annual Meeting on February 5, 1915, with 128 votes in favor and 119 against resettlement.
From 1921 to 1923, the tournament was held at the Germantown Cricket Club in Philadelphia. He returned to the West Side Tennis Club in 1924 after completing the 14,000-seat Forest Hills Stadium. Although many have already considered it a great championship, the International Federation of Lawn Tennis has officially designated it as one of the world’s leading tournaments starting in 1924.
At the 1922 US National Championships, the draw allowed players to compete for the first time to prevent the main players from training in the early laps.
The professional tennis players are allowed to participate for the first time in the Grand Slam tournament at the West Side Tennis Club and the open era begins in 1968. Previous US national championships were restricted to the amateur player. Except for the mixed doubles, all the events of the 1968 national tournament were open to professionals. That year, 96 men and 63 women entered and prizes totaled the US $ 100,000. In 1970, the US Open became the first Grand Slam tournament to use a tiebreaker to decide on a set that reached a score of 6-6 in the games. From 1970 to 1974, the US Open used a tiebreaker to sudden death by nine points before moving to the International Tennis Federation’s (ITF) twelve-point system. In 1973, the US Open became the first Grand Slam tournament to award equal prizes to men and women, along with John Newcombe and Margaret Court. From 1975, the tournament was played on clay instead of grass, and the spotlight allowed the games to be played at night.
With a concept known as “Super Saturday”: the men’s and women’s finals were played on the last Saturday and Saturday respectively by the US Open deviated from traditional scheduling practices for tennis tournaments. Sunday of the tournament from 1984 to 2015. the respective semi-finals were held one day before. The women’s final was held between the two men’s semifinals. in 2001, the women’s final was moved to the evening, so it could be played at a prime time, due to the growing popularity of women’s tennis among viewers. This programming scheme helped to encourage the television audience but proved to be a factor of division between the players because they had less than a day off between their semi-final and the championship game.
During five consecutive tournaments between 2007 and 2012, the men’s final was postponed to Monday because of the weather. In 2013 and 2014, the USTA intentionally scheduled the men’s final on a Monday, a gesture praised for allowing male players to enjoy an extra day of rest after the semifinals, but deflected ATP for away from the structure. The US Open returned to a format similar to other Grand Slam tournaments and the Super Saturday concept was abandoned with both men’s and women’s finals on Saturday and Sunday In 2015. However, weather delays forced the two semifinal rounds to be held on Friday.
Arthur Ashe Stadium in 2010
The US Open has 22 courts (plus 12 training grounds just outside the East Gate) consisting of four “Showgrounds” (Arthur Ashe Stadium, Louis Armstrong Stadium, Tribune and Court 17), 13 fields and 5 fields. practice course.
The main stadium is the 23,771-seat Arthur Ashe Stadium, inaugurated in 1997. A retractable roof was added in 2016. The stadium is named after Arthur Ashe, the African American who won the men’s singles title at the first US Open in 1968., the Australian Open in 1970 and Wimbledon in 1975 and which was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1985. The largest court is the 14,000-seat Louis Armstrong Stadium, open in 2018. The third largest court is the – The grandstand with headquarters in the southwest corner of the field, which opened in 2016. Court 17, in the southeast corner of the field, is the fourth largest stadium. He opened with temporary seats in 2011 and received his permanent seat the following year. It has a capacity of 2800 seats and is nicknamed “The Pit” because the playing surface is pushed 8 feet into the ground. Fields 4, 7 and 11 each have a capacity of more than 1,000 places.
All US Open courts are lit, allowing matches and television coverage to expand during peak viewing hours. In 2001, the women’s singles final was moved in prime time; CBS Sports President Sean McManus cited a strong interest in stars Serena Williams and Venus Williams, as well as in the women’s finals of 1999, which was postponed due to a rain delay.
Since 1978, the US Open has been played on a hard surface called Pro DecoTurf. It is a multilayered surface and classified by the International Tennis Federation as moderately fast. Every August, before the start of the tournament, the courts are redone.
Since 2005, all US Open and US Open Series tennis courts have been painted in blue (“US Blue Open”) to allow players, spectators and viewers to view balloon more easily. The area outside the lines is always painted “Open Green US”.
Call challenges of the player line
In 2006, the US Open introduced instant revisions to line calls using the Hawk-Eye computer system. It was the first Grand Slam tournament to use the system. The system was put in place following a controversial match in the 2004 US Open quarterfinals between Serena Williams and Jennifer Capriati – according to many experts. Instant replay was available only on the grounds of Arthur Ashe Stadium and Louis Armstrong Stadium during the 2008 tournament. In 2009, it became available on the grandstand court.
In 2007, JP Morgan Chase renewed its partnership with the US Open and, as part of this agreement, the rebroadcasting system was renamed “Chase Review” on video and television in the stadiums.