National Football League (NFL) is a professional Football League in United State of America which consisting of 32 teams and which are divided equally between NFC and AFC. One of four major professional sports leagues in North America is NFL and the highest professional level of American football in the world. At the end of September, each team plays 16 games and runs a one-week week and 17 weeks of regular NFL season. At the end of the regular season, six teams of the following competition went ahead to the playoffs. Consequently, a single defeat tournament in Super Bowl was held between NFC and AFC champions, usually held on the first Sunday in February.
NFL was formed as the American Professional Football Association (FFA) before the national football league was nominated for the 1922 season in 1920. NFL agreed to join the American Football League (AFL) in 1966 and the first super bowl was held at the end of the first season; The building was completed in 1970. Today the highest average attendance of any professional sports league in the world (67591) in the NFL and it is the most popular sports league in the United States. Super Bowl is the world’s largest club sports event, and for most observer television shows in American history, individual Super Bowl Games accounts are broadcast by all-time Most Viewed US Television on the Top 5 of All NilSen. Executive Officer of NFL is the commissioner who has enormous authority to run the league.
The group of most NFL championships is Green Bay Packers, which is thirteen (with nine NFL titles before Super Bowl era and four Super Bowl Championships); The team with the highest Super Bowl championship is Pittsburgh Stilrs with six. The current NFL champion is Philadelphia Eagles, who defeated New England Patriots in the Super Bowl League, after winning three NFL titles before their first Super Bowl championship Super Bern era.
Founder and history
On 20 August 1920, a meeting was held in the Ekron Prasans Canton Bulldogs Cleveland Indians Rock Island and the Dayton Triangle in Jordan and the representatives of the Houpbobile Auto Showroom in Canton, Ohio. This meeting resulted in the formation of the American Professional Football Conference (APFC), a group that wants to increase the number of potential professional players to increase the application for players in competitive clubs, according to the Canteen Evening Repository. Another meeting was held on September 1, 1720, to ensure the timing of the competition, Ascussion Revision of the League of Science (FFA) The league appointed Jim Thorp as its first president and 14 teams were formed. Only two of these teams, Stalis (now Chicago Bar) and Chicago Cardinal (now Arizona Cardini).
Although the league did not dominate the inaugural season of the 1920s and the teams could not play, the FFA players included their 803 (8 win 0 defeats and 3 ties) records. The first incident took place on September 26, 1920 when Rock Island’s independence lost Olig St. Paul’s Ideas 480 in Douglas Park. The first week of the league was played on 3 October 1920. In the following season, Chicago Stylists controversially won the Buffalo All-American Championship. On June 24, 1922, FFA changed its name to National Football League (NFL).
In 1932 Seoul’s Chicago Buyss (616) and Portsmouth Spartans (614) were tied for the first time for a league stadium. At that time, the teams were declared champions at the end of the season with the team on the single table and with the highest winning percentage (not the end of the season that were not counted on the brackets); The only tiebreaker was a tie event if two teams determined to title the title of the second game (title 1921 debate) in the second game of the season. This method was used since the formation of the league in 1920, but there was no situation where the two groups were tied for the first time. The league quickly determined that a playoff was required between Chicago and Portsmouth to decide on the league championship. The group was originally scheduled to play a playoff game, which was officially scheduled for a regular season, which will be held regularly in Ruggee Field in Chicago, but heavy snow and extreme cold combination will be played at the Chicago Stadium. Which was not a control football field. Players changed the rules to accommodate the small playground, and the buyers won 90 games and thus won the championship. As a result of the fan interest in the factory championship, in 1933, division champions were divided into two categories with a championship game led by NFL. The first 12 seasons were marked in the 1934 season where African Americans were absent from the league. Actual ban was abrogated in 1946 after public pressure and Major League Baseball joined the removal of similar sanctions.
NFL is always the most professional football league in the United States; It was experienced by the rival professional league through 1930s and 1940s. The rival leagues have included at least three separate American Football League and All America Football Conference (AAFC), which limit the differences between different regional leagues. Three NFL teams investigate their history in this rival league, including Los Angeles Rams (who came from the repeat of the American Football League in 1936) Cleveland Browns and San Francisco 49 thousand (the last two from AAFC). In the 1950s, the NFL was an effective monopoly of professional football in the United States; The only North American contestant was a professional Canadian football circuit, which officially became the Canadian Football League (CFL) in 1958. Canadian Football was a different football code than the American game, CFL established a well-stocked market in Canada and is still alive as an independent league
A fourth professional football league (AFL) started in 1960 in a new professional league. The legendary AFL established the popularity of the NFL Challenge involves obtaining a profitable television contract and involved a bidding war with NFL for free agents and draft pickings. The two leagues announced the consolidation to be fully effective on 1st June 8, 1966. Meanwhile, the league will be held in a general draft and championship game. NFL Winner Super Bowl I and Super Bowl Second and AFL Winners’ Super Bowl Third and Super Bowl held in the fourth game before the Super Bowl Charles. After the League got together, it was reconstituted on two conferences: the National Football Conference (NFC), the most prevalent NFL team and three pre-NFL teams, comprised of all of the AFL team of AFL teams.
Today most popular sports league considered in North USA is NFL. Most of his growth was blamed on former Peterson who led the league from 1960 to 1989. At the end of his tenure, the total annual attendance increased to three million and 400 million viewers saw the 1989 Super Bowl XXIII NFL in 1963 as NFL Properties was established. The League’s licensing wing, NFL property, earns billions of leaps in a year; There is a national partnership relationship with the creation of the NFL charity and the United Way in Rozle’s tenure. Paul Tagliabue Rozelle was elected as the successful commissioner; Its 17-year tenure, which ended in 2006, included a massive increase in the Television Agreement and four expansion groups, as well as the introduction of League initiatives to increase the number of minorities in the role of league and team management. League’s current Commissioner Roger Goodell has reduced the number of illegal hits and made the game safer, mainly by financing or postponing regulatory players. These actions are taking advantage of many to reduce NFL involvement and improve player safety.
Seasonal and playoff development
From 1920 to 1934, there was not a certain number of games to play in the NFL, instead of setting a minimum, 12 games were compulsory for every league group in the regular season, and 11 games in 1937 and 10 games in 1943 were mainly due to World War II. Due to this game is reduced. After the war ended, the number of games was 11 in 1946 and 12 in 1947. NFL went on a 14-day schedule in 1961, which was preserved until it was changed in the current 16 game schedule in 1978. It has been proposed to introduce regular seasons in 18 seasons, but the workers’ association with National Football League Players Association (NFLPA) has been rejected.
NFL is operated on two conference systems from 1933 to 1966, where each conference champion meets the NFL championship game. If two teams are connected to the conference limits, they will take part in a player’s game to determine a conference champion. In 1967, NFL formed 16 teams from 15 teams. In addition to the expansion of New Orleans monks in the seven-member Western Conference, the NFL reorganized the conference instead of the conference outside the conference and split into four groups. A tugolo playoff will be held with four division champions NFL Playoffs. NFL also operated the Playoff Bowl (officially Bart Bell Benefit Bowl) from 1960 to 1969. Players from two conference runners up against each other effectively play instead of a third place game league player. The player’s playoffs were closed in the 1970s after losing the league game.
After the joining of the former AFL team in the NFL in 1970, NFL divided into two divisions in three divisions. Recently, eight teams will participate in eight teams, eight teams will compete in all three divisional champions and one wild card team (best team win percentage) from each conference in 1978 by adding a second wild card team from each conference in the league to 10 of total playoff teams. And two more wild card teams were added in the 1990s and 12 messages are available. NFL expanded 32 teams in 2002, and each conference formed the division of each division in three divisions, and each division was divided into four divisions. Every category gets a playoff bid as champion, wildcard team number from each conference dropped from three to two.
Until 2015 the League was an unsupported 501 (c) (6) association. Section 501 (c) (6) Business League of Internal Revenue Code The Chamber of Real Estate provides an exemption from the federal income tax for the trade boards or professional football leagues (it is not organized for the management of pension funds and for the benefit of a private shareholder or individual No income is a part of the total earnings of money. In contrast, each individual party (Nonprofit Green Bay Pack) Without taxes) depends on the tax because they get profit.
NFL released the tax exemption rate after the 2013 public criticism; In a letter to the club owners, the commissioner Roger Goodell said it was a distraction label that the league office has been mischaracterized repeatedly in the recent years of the impact of the tax collection … Television rights are generated by means of 32 dollars in sales of sponsorship tickets and other means of licensing contracts sponsored by the club. . This case will still be there when the league office and management council will be refunded as a taxable company and the filing status will change in our business. As a result, the league office can pay about $ 10 million in taxpayers, but its executive officials do not need to publish the salary.
There are three defining officers of the League: Commissioner Secretary and Treasurer. At every conference, a defined official is a respected position which is essentially a few powers and most formal duties (like giving the conference championship trophy).
The commissioner is elected by a vote of two or third of the members of the League, 18 (which will be more), when the president of each conference is elected by three quarter or ten majority of the conference members. The commissioner appointed the secretary and the treasurer and the club players gave extensive authority to dispute between the coaches and the workers. He is the NFL Chief Executive Officer and the lecturers in the appointment of the league employees to discuss the Television Agreement, which has the power to control all members of the NFL Team Club or NFL team or the persons employed in their NFL clubs if they violate the League Uponisation or do harmful acts of the League or professional football. Disqualification of a person involved in the incident involving the commissioner league, the suspension of the lease of USD 500,000, and the draft decision award or the strip party.
In extreme cases the commissioner can give recommendations of the Executive Committee of the NFL, and he thinks necessary for the cancellation of a club’s franchise, or for any other action. If a person associated with NFLL fails to confiscate sports or conspiracy league or game, or fail to determine the game, then the commission can lift the ban from the league to the old restrictions. Former National Football League’s current commissioner Roger Goodell, who was elected in 2006, retired former commissioner Paul Talvalui.
According to economist Richard Wolf, the NFL has reinstated all its assets with the NFL team, which is a violation of the general corporate structure. NFL re-dividends profits to all groups, ensuring that the team will not lose the league through too much income.
NFL has 32 clubs, each of which has 16 teams divided into two conferences. In each conference, four clubs are divided into four categories. In each season, each team permits up to 53 players to allow their roster; Only 46 active (can be playable) on the playing day. The practice squad for each of the 10 players may also differ from its main rotor, but the practice team may consist of only players who can not play at least nine games in any season of the league. A player can only be in the team for maximum three seasons.
Each NFL Club was given a franchise, the League authorities approved the team to work in its home city. This franchise is home terrierial (about 75 miles in city limits or halfway between two cities within 100 miles of another league city) and home marketing area (home territory and rest of the state operates the club as well as the area maintains its training camp for the camp period). Each NFL member has the exclusive right to host professional football games in his own home territory and his home marketing area has exclusive rights to promote and host the advertisement. There are several exceptions to these rules: Most closely related to each other in relation to the team: The San Francisco 49ers and the Oakland Riders have exclusive rights in their city and share it right outside; And teams working in the same city (such as New York City and Los Angeles) or in the same condition (such as California, Florida and Texas), respectively, divide the rights to the city’s home territory and state home marketing zones.
Each NFL team is contracted based in the United States. Although no team is in a foreign country, in 2013 as part of the NFL International Series in England, Jaguaras started playing a home game in England’s Wembley Stadium in London in 2014. Jaguar’s contract with Wambali is originally scheduled to expire in 2012, but it has been expanded since 2020. Between 2008 and 2013, Canada and Canada as part of the Toronto Toronto Beat series, Buffer Bills of Rogers Center played a home game. Mexico is playing an NFL regular season as part of the San Francisco and Arizona American Bowling action, from 1986 to 2005, the Cardinal and the 39 International Preseason Games, named the Football Américo were held. On November 21, 2011, the Redders and Houston Texts Ateadrio played a game in Mexico City in Aztecate.
According to Forbes, the Dallas Cowboys are the most valuable NFL franchise and about $ 4 billion in the world’s most valuable sports teams. All 32 NFL teams also stand among the top 50 valuable sports teams in the world; And among the 14 NFL owners, most of the sports leagues or organizations listed in Forbes 400
32 teams divided into eight geographic sections of four teams. These two groups are organized in the National Football Conference and American Football Conference. Two conference structures came at a time when major American professional football was organized in two independent leagues, the National Football League and its small rival American Football League. The leagues adopted the name of the old league which was dissolved by the end of 1960 and made little coordination to ensure the same number of teams in both conferences.